In this article, I am NOT arguing whether the lockdown is good or bad, just trying to look at ways in which arguments / debates are carried out.
Never Heard Of It
I was listening to a Coronavirus argument on the radio the other day. You will have seem the same of any social platform as well. One person says "we should stop this lockdown" or something similar and the other person says, "OK, then which of your loved ones do you choose to die"?
Shut Down Debate
This is supposed to shut down the debate because of course, no one wants anyone they know to die of Coronavirus (well. most people don't want that ....). But as an argument, it bothered me, it didn't seem like a "good" argument to use and on thinking about it, I felt it was "corrupt". It seemed like being forced to put personal advantage (lives of loved ones) ahead of the public good (economy and mental health). Certainly, I prefer to see my loved ones alive and healthy but that's not what we expect of government and leaders. If they were to take money to pass a law (personal benefit) that was not in the public good, we would call them corrupt. How is the lockdown different? I spoke to someone about that and they felt it was an Ad Hominem form of debate. I had never heard of it, so looked it up.
What Is An Ad Hominem Attack
The dictionary definition defines it as "appealing to feelings or prejudices, rather than intellect". OK, he was right, that phrase "which of your loved ones would you choose to die" is definitely appealing to feelings rather than intellect.
On looking further into this, I found a triangular graphic taken from the article "How To Disagree" by Paul Graham, written September 2008. It was used to represent various levels of argument / debate from personal attacks like name-calling (the kinds that trolls use, such as "loony", right up through 7 levels to the top level of refuting the central point, that is being able to provide the reasoned arguments s to why the other person's argument is incorrect.
The diagram has been released into the Public Domain for use by anyone worldwide.
Image Credit » https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Graham%27s_Hierarchy_of_Disagreement.svg#file Released to Public Domain